Gastric Sleeve Surgery in Tijuana Mexico

how-it-worksGastric Sleeve Surgery, aka Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy, is the best surgical option for weight loss, and is the most recommended procedure by bariatric surgeons. With this surgical procedure, the stomach volume is reduced by as much as 80%. Because it is a laparoscopic surgery, it requires only four small incisions, and leaves minimal scaring. The procedure involves removing the side part of the stomach, leaving a “sleeve”, a much narrower stomach pouch, thus reducing volume, but leaving a fully functional stomach (see diagram).

The patient will be given a restricted diet, during the healing period, of clear broths, progressing to liquids, creamed foods, and soft foods, before being able to return to a regular diet after 5 weeks.

Why is Gastric Sleeve Surgery Performed?

surgeonsGastric surgery is usually performed on obese patients, who have struggled to get their weight down through dieting. The surgical option has successfully helped tens of thousands of patients to regain their health, and self-esteem. One does not have to be morbidly obese, to benefit from the gastric sleeve surgery. Studies have shown this surgery to be very beneficial for weight control, even for moderately overweight patients, and those struggling to get their sugar levels under control. Although there are other bariatric surgeries, such as gastric banding, gastric balloon, and gastric by-pass, the gastric sleeve surgery does have several advantages such as:

• Scarring is reduced due to laparoscopic surgery.
• Is less invasive than a gastric bypass surgery
• The intestinal tract will not be altered
• No foreign devices are placed inside the body, unlike the lap band procedure
• There is no risk of “dumping syndrome”.
• 65% weight loss can be achieved in a single year
• Should the required weight loss percentage not be achieved, the patient can undergo gastric bypass surgery.
• Immediate reduction of blood pressure and sugar levels
• Metabolic functions remain intact

How the Gastric Sleeve Works

jim-baBecause this surgery drastically reduces the volume of food that can enter the stomach at a time, the patient cannot eat very large amounts. The patient will need to eat very small meals, every 3 hours. Eating less food, more frequently, the patient will lose weight at a healthy rate.

The stomach produces a hormone called “Ghrelin”, which stimulates appetite in the brain. By removing the main part of the stomach, a lesser amount of “Ghrelin” is produced. With lowered levels of Ghrelin, the patient does not feel such a strong urge to eat, and it also makes it easy to be satisfied with the small amounts of food consumed at a meal. After a while the patient is so used to eating small amounts, and having dropped so much weight so easily, they would never want to go back to over eating.

eatingThe greatest advantage of gastric sleeve surgery, compared to dieting, is that with dieting, you are constantly fighting the urge to eat, because your ghrelin levels are high, the stomach is constantly sending hunger signals to the brain. Also with the high ghrelin levels, one feels weak and tired, because it triggers the mechanism of the body to slow down your metabolism. It makes dieting like a form of torture, and so people fall off the wagon easily. But with the gastric sleeve surgery, you don’t feel out of control urges to eat, your metabolism doesn’t slow down, and you don’t feel weak and tired so easily. It honestly makes losing weight much easier. This is also the reason why many people may lose a certain amount of weight while dieting, but once the diet is over, the person is bound to eating the same amount of food before the diet was started. In some cases, more food is consumed to compensate for the time that the body was placed on a diet. As a result, weight loss through dieting is often not permanent, unlike weight loss through gastric sleeve surgery.

Facts Concerning Ghrelin

ghrelinIn 1999, Japanese scientists discovered the ghrelin hormones. Later on, it was confirmed by American researchers that these hormones were directly responsible for driving appetite. To date, ghrelin is known as the only hormone that produces this effect.

In 2009, CBS did a documentary about the ghrelin hormone during one of their 60 Minutes episodes. On that episode, they recalled the experience of a certain Jim Rudolph who had initially weighed 460 lbs, but was able to reduce that by 190 lbs after a gastric reduction surgery. Although a drastic stomach reduction played a big role in his weight loss, it was then determined that loss of appetite was another factor.

Rudolph mentioned that he no longer felt the urge to eat large amounts of food. This was because the body was no longer producing the ghrelin hormones that enter into the blood stream and informs the brain that the body needs to eat.

Another surprising fact about ghrelin is that the level of these hormones actually increases when a person goes on a diet. Naturally, with more of these hormones present in the blood stream, the dieter will continuously experience the feeling of hunger. This is the reason why diets often fail and the dieter quickly regains any lost weight.

With gastric sleeve surgery, the patient will be able to lose weight permanently due to the reduction of the stomach’s capacity and less production of the ghrelin hormones that are directly responsible for increasing appetite.